June 11, 2013
While their findings are based on small scale testing, scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) claim to have developed carbon sequestration; a technique that would remove CO2 from the atmosphere and capture the gas in the ocean, while simultaneously generating carbon-negative hydrogen (CNH) to combat ocean acidification.
CNH could be used as fuel in cars, de-acidify the ocean and neutralize acids in the human stomach.
LLNL said in a statement : “The team demonstrated, at a laboratory scale, a system that uses the acidity normally produced in saline water electrolysis to accelerate silicate mineral dissolution while producing hydrogen fuel and other gases. The resulting electrolyte solution was shown to be significantly elevated in hydroxide concentration that in turn proved strongly absorptive and retentive of atmospheric CO2.”
Greg Rau, lead author of the paper published on the findings at LLNL said : “We not only found a way to remove and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing valuable H2, we also suggest that we can help save marine ecosystems with this new technique.”
Rau hopes that the laboratory demonstration could be scaled up for industrial application. It is clear that more research needs to be funded and a cost-effective design needs to be developed.
He said : “When powered by renewable electricity and consuming globally abundant minerals and saline solutions, such systems at scale might provide a relatively efficient, high-capacity means to consume and store excess atmospheric CO2 as environmentally beneficial seawater bicarbonate or carbonate. But the process also would produce a carbon-negative ‘super green’ fuel or chemical feedstock in the form of hydrogen.”
Because of the practice of sequestering CO2 in the ocean, dead zones like the one in the Gulf of Mexico have shown scientists that they must find another way.
When capturing carbon in the ocean, the alkaline solution that is produced causes death of marine life and even affects the flow of underwater currents that move cooler water to warmer areas and vice versa.
In 2012, a study was released that concluded CO2 emissions are causing 24% of fish species to become smaller due to lack of oxygen in the oceans.
The fertility rates and normal patterns of these fish are also expected to be disrupted because of the failure of governments to control the release of carbon into the atmosphere.
Based on data provided by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), these scientists claim that the bodies of fish are shrinking. William Cheung, lead author of the study asserts that as ocean temperatures rise, so they “directly increase the metabolic rate of the fish’s body function. This leads to an increase in oxygen demand for normal body activities. So the fish will run out of oxygen for growth at a smaller body size.”
Back in 2010, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), which is part of UNESCO, published a study that approved of ocean fertilization as a “preventative” measure of sequestering CO2 in the deep oceans.
This is a by-product of iron fertilization (a.k.a. ocean fertilization) which uses iron and “other nutrients” that induce microscopic marine plants to absorb CO2 through the natural process of photosynthesis. As they inject the CO2, the plankton releases it back into the ocean at a lower depth.
Victor Smetacek, of the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany, said : “I am hoping that these results will show how useful these experiments are.”
Smetacek says ocean fertilization should be controlled by the UN. He also believes that private corporations should not be allowed to conduct experiments unless mandated by the UN. Under current treaties for carbon credit tax schemes, this mode of sequestering CO2 should be combined with solar geoengineering efforts.
Another hazard created by iron fertilization is that the method used to sequester the CO2 in phytoplankton may produce domoic acid, a potent neurotoxin that can weaken fish, birds, sea mammals and potentially humans who eat the contaminated seafood.
Coastal areas are at the greatest threat to iron overdose due to the large amounts of local seafood consumed, as well as ingesting the neurotoxin.
Charles Trick of the University of Western Ontario and lead researcher explains: “If we added the normal amount of iron that one would add for these fertilization experiments, the level of toxins in each of the cells goes higher. It allows (Pseudonitzschia) to grow faster. And as they grow, they stop the other species from growing. They become dominant. The surprising part was not just that it made toxin,” Trick said, “but that it made lots of toxin, and it stopped the other species from getting the nutrients.”
Mak Saito of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, said: “If we’re going to actively change the planet’s chemistry or biology to actively reverse global warming, what are the unintended consequences? Here he’s already documented one of the concerns. What are the ones we don’t even know about?”
John Cullen, an oceanographer with Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada, has analyzed the data on ocean fertilization and published his findings. He concludes that these experiments are dangerous on large scales that globalists are insisting take place. We will be polluting our oceans and this will have drastic consequences on ocean life and the delicate balance of our biosphere.
In essence, if ocean fertilization is pursued, they scheme would cause an Ice Age because of the effect of extreme cooling on our planet.